Margarethe schurz. La estudiante de Fröbel, Margarethe Schurz, fundó el primer jardín de infancia en los Estados Unidos en Watertown, Wisconsin, en 1856, y también inspiró a Elizabeth Peabody, quien fundó el primer jardín de infancia de habla inglesa en los Estados Unidos: el idioma en el jardín de infancia de Schurz había sido alemán, para servir a una ...

Margarethe Schurz was a German educator and the wife of Friedrich Froebel. She was born in 1786 and died in 1839. Schurz was Froebel's first wife . Schurz was an advocate for Froebel's educational methods and she wrote a number of books on the subject. Schurz held a view of children that was very similar to Froebel's.

Margarethe schurz. Margarethe Schurz was born in 1833, in Eppendorf, Germany. Margarethe passed away in 1876, at age 43 in St. Louis, United States. Margarethe Schurz 1833 1876 Margarethe Schurz in Biographical Summaries of Notable People. Margarethe Schurz was born on August 27 1833, in Hamburg.

Schurz est décédé à l'âge de 77 ans le 14 mai 1906 à New York et est enterré au cimetière de Sleepy Hollow, Sleepy Hollow, New York. L'épouse de Schurz, Margarethe Schurz, a joué un rôle déterminant dans l'établissement du système de maternelle aux États-Unis.

At the party, Peabody met Margarethe Schurz, the wife of a Wisconsin politician, and her daughter Agathe. Peabody remarked to Mrs. Schurz, “‘that child of yours is a miracle—so child-like and unconscious, yet so wise and able, attracting and ruling the children, who seem nothing sort of enchanted.’ ‘No miracle, but only brought up in ...In London heiratete Schurz im Juli 1852 die Schwägerin des Mitrevolutionärs Johannes Ronge, Margarethe Meyer, und wanderte dann, wie viele andere Achtundvierziger, in die USA aus. Ursprünglich in Philadelphia , Pennsylvania , lebend, zogen die Schurzes nach Watertown, Wisconsin , wo Carl sein Interesse an Politik pflegte und Margarethe ihre ...

Isabelle Barth. Actress. IMDbPro Starmeter See rank. Play trailer 1:32. Only You (2018) More at IMDbPro. Contact info. Agent info. Isabelle Barth is known for Only You (2018), Tatort (1970) and The Missing (2014).Margarethe Schurz can be credited for expanding Froebel's beliefs and bringing his idea of Kindergarten to the United States. In 1856, she used what she'd learned in Germany about Froebel's principles to open the first Kindergarten in Watertown, WI- the first Kindergarten in the United States! However, the German language was still used at ...first kindergarten in the United States was open in Watertown, Wisconsin in 1856 by Margarethe Schurz and was influenced by Froebel's kindergarten in Germany (Wisconsin Historical Society, 2011). Froebel's German kindergarten, or literally, child's garden, model assumed that four andWedding photo of Carl and Margarethe Schurz, 1852 elected by the legislature on a straight party vote. Opposition to Schurz’s election as a regent came from the Madison Argus, which feared that he would “abolitionize” the university, and from Democratic State Senator Chappell, who had defeated Schurz in the election of 1856 for the stateIn 1856, the first kindergarten was founded in Wisconsin by Margarethe Schurz. Four years later, Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, established the first formal kindergarten in Boston, Massachusetts. Classes were based on organized play, the use of the hands and the senses, and involvement with nature.Wie im Falle von Margarethe Schurz verknüpften sich klimatische Differenzerfahrungen durch die Migration mit der Erinnerung an den Heimatverlust. Footnote 57. Bei Mathilde Annekes schriftstellerischer Tätigkeit in der Frühphase des transatlantischen Exils überwog zunächst die Auseinandersetzung mit dem Verlust von „Heimat".Margarethe Meyer Schurz used the training she gained in Germany to create the first kindergarten in the United States. After training under Friedrich Froebel, a groundbreaking educator, Schurz settled in Watertown, Wisconsin, where she created a German-language kindergarten that ran until World War I.Wie im Falle von Margarethe Schurz verknüpften sich klimatische Differenzerfahrungen durch die Migration mit der Erinnerung an den Heimatverlust. Footnote 57. Bei Mathilde Annekes schriftstellerischer Tätigkeit in der Frühphase des transatlantischen Exils überwog zunächst die Auseinandersetzung mit dem Verlust von „Heimat“.... Margarethe Meyer Schurz, whose husband was the famous German-American statesman, Carl Schurz. The First Kindergarten building was originally located at the ...ViaMichelin zeigt Ihnen die genaue Entfernung zwischen Aachen und Herzogenrath je nach der gewählten Fahrstrecke. ViaMichelin unterstützt Sie bei der Ermittlung der für Sie besten Route anhand verschiedener Optionen und bietet Ihnen standardmäßig 2 bis 3 Routen an, deren Kosten, Entfernung und Zeit variieren.

Carl Schurz (2. marts 1829 - 14. maj 1906) var en tysk revolutionær, en amerikansk statsmand og reformator og general i den amerikanske borgerkrig. Han var også en dygtig journalist, avisredaktør og taler og blev som den første tyskfødte amerikaner i 1869 valgt til Senatet.. Hans kone, Margarethe Schurz, og hendes søster, Bertha von Ronge, var med til at få indført børnehaver i De ...Margarethe Schurz Margarethe Schurz opens the first American kindergarten, a German-speaking class in her home in Watertown, Wisconsin. 1861. Robert Owen Robert Owen sets up infant school in New Lanark, England, as an instrument of social reform for children of parent workers in his mills. ...America’s first kindergarten. Every year, French shepherds her Webster School pupils two blocks to visit a humble clapboard schoolhouse where Margarethe Meyer Schurz opened the nation’s first kindergarten in 1856. A native of Germany, Margarethe settled in Watertown in 1855 with her husband, Carl Schurz, and soon began teaching five ...Margarethe Schurz Quotes & Sayings . Showing search results for "Margarethe Schurz" sorted by relevance. 9 matching entries found. Related Topics. Friendship Ideals Racism Civil Rights Human Rights Success Destiny. QUOTES. If you want to be free, there is but one way; it is to guarantee an equally full measure of liberty to all your neighbors ...

27 ม.ค. 2566 ... The first public kindergarten in the United States was established in 1856 in Watertown, Wisconsin by Margarethe Schurz, the wife of Carl Schurz ...

1 เม.ย. 2557 ... Founded by Margarethe Schurz, this kindergarten was a German-language class, as were many in this region. Kindergarten found its way into ...

Location of Jefferson County in Wisconsin. This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Jefferson County, Wisconsin. It is intended to provide a comprehensive listing of entries in the National Register of Historic Places that are located in Jefferson County, Wisconsin.The locations of National Register properties for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are ...Margarethe Schurz 1856 She brought Froebel's kindergarten to the United States (Duffy, 2014). Elizabeth Peabody 1860 She opened the first English speaking kindergarten. Susan Blow 1873 Opened the first public kindergarten in the United States (Duffy, 2014).Bertha Audrey Meyer, 83 years of age of Bertrand, died on Wednesday, March 22, 2023, at the Bryan Medical Center East in Lincoln. Bertha was born on June 3, 1939, at Byron, Michigan, the second of four children, born to Orval and Martha (Larsen) Ellis.マルガレーテ・シュルツ. マルガレーテ・シュルツ(Margarethe Meyer-Schurz、元々は Margarethe Meyer。Margaretha Meyer-Schurz 、もしくはMargarethe Schurzとも表記。1833年8月27日 - 1876年3月15日)は、1856年アメリカ合衆国で最初のドイツ語で教える幼稚園を開いた女性。Margarethe Meyer Schurz was born in Hamburg, Germany. She came to the United States when she was nineteen years old. She and her husband, Carl, first settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, before moving to Watertown, Wisconsin in 1855. One year later, Margarethe started the very first kindergarten in the United States.

Carl Schurz. Carl Schurz ( German: [ʃʊɐ̯ts]; March 2, 1829 – May 14, 1906) was a German revolutionary and an American statesman, journalist, and reformer. He migrated to the United States after the German revolutions of 1848–1849 and became a prominent member of the new Republican Party. On November 10th, 1862, twenty-nine year old Margarethe Schurz stood in front of President Lincoln himself and pronounced, “The defeat of the Administration is the Administration’s own fault.” She then accused the President of putting the Union Army, “into the hands of its enemies” and suggested that “There is but one way in which ...Margarethe Meyer Schurz (1833-1876): Margarethe Meyer met Carl Schurz in London in 1852 and moved to New York with him as his wife later that year. While often in poor health, Margarethe Schurz played a crucial role in introducing the idea of kindergarten to America. She had long been interested in the work of Friedrich Froebel, the founder of ...Carl Schurz, né le 2 mars 1829 à Liblar, en province de Rhénanie, et mort le 14 mai 1906 à New York , est un journaliste et homme politique germano-américain. Après avoir pris part au Printemps des peuples dans l'ouest de la Confédération germanique, il s'exile aux États-Unis, où il devient un militant républicain de premier ordre, influent auprès de la …Un incontro che influenzò molto l'attività di Peabody fu quello avvenuto con Margarethe Schurz, educatrice tedesca che fondò il primo asilo degli Stati Uniti, la quale la incoraggiò a leggere le opere di Friedrich Fröbel, l'ideatore del concetto di kindergarten in Germania. Fu così che nel 1860 Peabody inaugurò a Boston il primo asilo di ...After moving to New York in 1871 the Schurz family became lifelong friends of William Steinway and his family. When Margarethe died in 1876, William wrote, “I feel unspeakably sad and downhearted with the conviction that noble women like Mrs. Schurz must die.” (Diary, 1876-03-18) Margarethe Meyer Schurz was the youngest of 11 children. In 1837, at the age of 55, Froebel relocated to Blankenburg and established a new type of school for early childhood education. He called it "kindergarten," or "the children's garden" (Smith, 1999, 5). This word expressed Froebel's vision for early childhood education: "Children are like tiny flowers; they are varied and need care ...• MARGARETHE SCHURZ = réplica en Watertown (Wisconsin), dedicada a enseñar a niños alemanes inmigrantes. MEDIOS IDEADOS POR FROEBEL PARA SUS FINES EDUCATIVOS Encontramos cinco series: • Juegos gimnásticos acompañados de cantos. • Cultivo en el jardín: cuidado de plantas y animales. • Charlas, poesías, cuentos y dramatización.It was started by Margarethe Schurz in Watertown Wisconsin and taught in German. William T. Harris, superintendant of St. Louis schools, was the first to ...The first kindergarten opened in Germany in 1837; the first in the US was opened by Margarethe Schurz to a German speaking community in Wisconsin in 1856. In 1860, Elizabeth Peabody opened the first English speaking kindergarten in Boston. Over time, kindergarten was introduced into public schools with the changed purpose of providing an early ...Margarethe Schurz (1832-1876) German Influences. 19. Watertown, an Educational Shrine. 19 Impact of Revolution and Philosophic Idealism 22. From Hamburg to England. 25. In the New World. 26 Chap. 3. Elizabeth Palmer Peabody (1804-1894) Promoting the Kindergarten. 31. A Fateful Meeting. 31. Teaching, a Passionate Pursuit. 32. The Book Store. 39In 1856, Margarethe Schurz started a kindergarten in her home for her daughter and four of her daughter's cousins. When other children wanted to join, Schurz opened a school in this building. Schurz's husband, Carl Schurz, later became a Major General in the Union Army during the American Civil War and United States Secretary of the Interior. ...Margarethe Schurz Beliefs/Theories § Froebel's ideas Accomplishments § Established the first kindergarten in the United States in 185 in Watertown, Wisconsin. § Conducted program in German because Froebel's ideas appealed to bilingual parentsCarl Schurz had by far the most distinguished career in his adopted home-land.1 For eleven years, from 1855 to 1866, Carl and Margarethe Schurz main - tained Watertown, Wisconsin, as their legal address, and it is those years of their lives that are the focus here. While some biographers like Joseph SchaferMargarethe Meyer Schurz used the training she gained in Germany to create the first kindergarten in the United States. After training under Friedrich Froebel, a groundbreaking …07 12 Margarethe Schurz School, construction of WDT . 1958. 04 23 Watertown Citizens Council for Better Schools formed WDT . 1959. 02 06 Roger B. Holtz, Superintendent of Schools, resignation of WDT. 05 05 Board of Education organization meeting WDTCarl Schurz, né le 2 mars 1829 à Liblar, en province de Rhénanie, et mort le 14 mai 1906 à New York (États-Unis), est un journaliste et homme politique germano-américain. ... à Londres, où il se marie avec Margarethe Schurz (en), née Meyer (1833-1876), belle-sœur de Johannes Ronge. Dans la capitale britannique, il rencontre plusieurs ...

The Schurz home, which was destroyed by fire in 1912, was also the site where Margarethe Schurz began the first kindergarten iin America before relocating to a downtown building. The Sweeney family raised their large family in the home for 38 years before the property was converted to a bed and breakfast business, The Karlshuegel Inn, in 1992. ...1. The English philosopher who popularized the tabula rasa, or blank tablet, view of children in his work was _________________. John Lock. 1. Many early childhood programs are incorporating outdoor activities, nature education, and gardening as ways of getting children involved in their education through a more naturalistic approach.Carl Schurz had by far the most distinguished career in his adopted home-land.1 For eleven years, from 1855 to 1866, Carl and Margarethe Schurz main - tained Watertown, Wisconsin, as their legal address, and it is those years of their lives that are the focus here. While some biographers like Joseph SchaferCarl Schurz had by far the most distinguished career in his adopted home-land.1 For eleven years, from 1855 to 1866, Carl and Margarethe Schurz main - tained Watertown, Wisconsin, as their legal address, and it is those years of their lives that are the focus here. While some biographers like Joseph SchaferIntimate Letters of Carl Schurz, 1841-1869, edited and translated by Joseph Schafer, State Historical Society of Wisconsin (Madison, WI), 1928. SIDELIGHTS: Soldier and statesman, linguist and historian, orator and journalist, Carl Schurz was the first German-born member of the United States Senate.After moving to New York in 1871 the Schurz family became lifelong friends of William Steinway and his family. When Margarethe died in 1876, William wrote, “I feel unspeakably sad and downhearted with the conviction that noble women like Mrs. Schurz must die.” (Diary, 1876-03-18) Margarethe Meyer Schurz was the youngest of 11 children.website watertownhistory.org ebook History of Watertown, Wisconsin Margarethe Schurz School . H. F. Mallow and Son Co. was the general contractor. 1957. 03 22 There will be no shortage of bidders for the new elementary school to be constructed in the Seventh Ward which is to be known as the Margarethe Schurz School, it was indicated today following an announcement at last night’s meeting of ...

In the United States Margarethe Schurz founded the first kindergarten in Watertown, Wisconsin, in 1856. Her German-language kindergarten impressed Elizabeth Peabody, who opened the first American English-language kindergarten in Boston in 1860.Margarethe Schurz opens the first kindergarten in the United States. Later, in 1860, Elizabeth Peabody opened the first English-speaking kindergarten in Boston, MA. 1880. Oshkosh Teacher-training Oshkosh Normal School serves as the first teacher-training program for kindergarten. 1907 ...Margarethe Meyer Schurz (1833–1876), an heiress to a wealthy Hamburg merchant and wife of the prominent German-American statesman Carl Schurz (1829–1906), arrived in the United States in 1852. She established a …Kindergartens ~ Children's Garden • First K - Wisconsin 1856 - Margarethe Schurz • Elizabeth Peabody- social reformer…first English speaking K • Susan Blow - expanded K and kept Froebels vision • First public Kindergarten • Defended Froebel's ideas • Formed the International Kindergarten Union - became Association for ...Margarethe Schurz, who had been trained in Froebelian methods (May, 1997). Schurz later travelled to the USA where she also opened kindergartens. The teaching at these first Froebelian kindergartens was initially carried out in German. Following Froebel's death in 1852, bothAt the party, Peabody met Margarethe Schurz, the wife of a Wisconsin politician, and her daughter Agathe. Peabody remarked to Mrs. Schurz, “‘that child of yours is a miracle—so child-like and unconscious, yet so wise and able, attracting and ruling the children, who seem nothing sort of enchanted.’ ‘No miracle, but only brought up in ...Schurz died at age 77 on May 14, 1906, in New York City, and is buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Sleepy Hollow, New York. Schurz's wife, Margarethe Schurz, was instrumental in …Bertha Ronge (born Meyer, 25 April 1818, Hamburg; died 18 April 1863) was an activist in the causes of childhood education, women's education and religious freedom. She established the kindergarten movement in England, where she founded the first three kindergartens in London (1851, with the assistance of her sister Margarethe Meyer Schurz), Manchester (1859) and Leeds (1860). She followed the ...Shtëpia Schurz, në të cilën Margarethe filloi kopshtin e saj, u dogj dhe nuk ekziston më, kështu që ky objekt është përfaqësuesi më i mirë i kopshtit të parë në Shtetet e Bashkuara. Për shkak se kjo ndërtesë u zhvendos nga vendndodhja e saj origjinale dhe u ndryshua thelbësisht, Regjistri Kombëtar nuk e konsideron atë si ...Probably the best known Forty-Eighter was Carl Schurz (1829-1906) who originally settled in Watertown, Wisconsin in 1852 (with his educator wife Margarethe, noted above). He was one of the original members of the new Republican Party.Fröbel's student Margarethe Schurz founded the first kindergarten in the United States at Watertown, Wisconsin, in 1856, and she also inspired Elizabeth Peabody, who went on to found the first English-speaking kindergarten in the United States - the language at Schurz's kindergarten had been German, to serve an immigrant community - in ...Margarethe Schurz and the First Kindergarten 45. Laura Ingalls Wilder and the Wisconsin Frontier 47. First Snowmobile Born in Sayner 50. Pearling in Wisconsin 52. Louis Harvey, the Governor Lost in War 54. The Utopian Experiment at Ceresco 56. Aldo Leopold, Father of Conservation 58.Margarethe Schurz. established the first German kindergarten in the US. Elizabeth Peabody. opened the first English speaking kindergarten in US in Boston in 1860. Susan Blow. first public kindergarten was founded in St. Louis, Missouri in 1873. Patty Smith Hill. International Kindergarten Union(IKU)De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre. Carl Schurz ( Liblar, Prusia, 2 de marzo de 1829 - Nueva York, 14 de mayo de 1906) fue un revolucionario alemán emigrante a los Estados Unidos, Secretario del Interior y embajador en España. Carl Schurz. Schurz en 1877. Secretario del Interior de los Estados Unidos.Margarethe Schurz. establish the 1st kindergarten in the US in 1856, in Watertown Wisconsin. Elizabeth Peabody. Opened the 1st English speaking kindergarten in Boston in 1860. Susan Blow. Founded the 1st public kindergarten in St. Louis Missiouri in 1873 with William Harris. Patty Smith Hill.Margarethe Meyer-Schurz: 1833 1876 Gründerin des ersten Kindergartens in den USA P 27 Foto: 1914 Umbettung vom St. Petri-Kirchhof, das Grab bestand bis 1965; heute Erinnerungsstein im Garten der Frauen Bernhard Meyer-Marwitz: 1913 1982 Verleger und Publizist AD 10 Anonymer Urnenhain bei Kapelle 8 Robert Meyn: 1896 1972 Schauspieler X 28 149 ...Both Margarethe Schurz's and Caroline Frankenberg's kindergar-tens were conducted in the German language for the children of immi-grants from Germany. So was Adolf Douai's, also a forty-eighter.9 Several other immigrants from Germany established kindergartens in various cities.'0 Most were short-lived. It is not at all certain that the kindergartenMargarethe Schurz founded the first public kindergarten in Watertown, Wisconsin. After she met Froebel she kept opening kindergartens in Germany. She also believed in songs, movement, and group activities. 1898. Hull House The Hull House was a settlement for immigrants. Which also established a day nursery.

... Margarethe Schurz, wife of statesman Carl Schurz; the building that housed this kindergarten is now located on the grounds of the Octagon House Museum in ...

kindergarten teacher, b. Hamburg, Germany. In 1852, while aiding her sister in conducting a Froebelite kindergarten in London, she met and married (July 10, 1852) Carl Schurz (q.v.), and in August of that year accompanied him to the U.S., settling in Philadelphia, Pa. Forced to return to Europe because of her health in 1855, she was joined by ...

Watertown resident Margarethe Meyer Schurz, wife of the famous German-American statesman Carl Schurz, learned about children’s education in her native Hamburg, Germany. She opened a school known as a “children’s garden” – aka a “kindergarten” – for her kids and some relatives’ kids.Carl Schurz, né le 2 mars 1829 à Liblar, en province de Rhénanie, et mort le 14 mai 1906 à New York (États-Unis), est un journaliste et homme politique germano-américain.. Après avoir pris part au Printemps des peuples dans l'ouest de la Confédération germanique, il s'exile aux États-Unis, où il devient un militant républicain de premier ordre, influent auprès de la communauté ...In the United States Margarethe Schurz founded the first kindergarten in Watertown, Wisconsin, in 1856. Her German-language kindergarten impressed Elizabeth Peabody, who opened the first American English-language kindergarten in Boston in 1860.Margarete ist ein weiblicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstag 3 Varianten 4 Bekannte Namensträgerinnen 4.1 ReligiösMargarethe Meyer Schurz died in Washington, D.C., at the age of 43. The memorial tablet, dedicated in 1929, rests only a few feet from the site of the building where she ran her kindergarten -- the first ever in America. "In memory of Mrs. Carl Schurz (Margarethe Meyer Schurz) Aug. 27, 1833 -- March 15, 1876, who established on this site the ... 1856 Margarethe Schurz established the first kindergarten in the USA 1896 John Dewey started the Laboratory School at the University of Chicago 1958 National Defense Education Act 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act 1975 .There were other famous names in the wave of '48ers, including Peter Engelmann, for whom UWM's Engelmann Hall is named, and Karl Schurz, whose wife, Margarethe Meyer Schurz, founded the first private kindergarten in Wisconsin. In Milwaukee, Anneke met Mary Booth, and a relationship blossomed between the two women.Carl Christian Schurz was a German revolutionary, American statesman and reformer, and Union Army General in the American Civil War. He was also an accomplished journalist, newspaper editor and orator, who in 1869 became the first German-born American elected to the United States Senate. His wife, Margarethe Schurz, was instrumental in ...

lowe's home improvement wilmington photoswotlk fire mage pre bischarge rifle rimworldantonyms of gawk Margarethe schurz 1684 ne miami gardens dr [email protected] & Mobile Support 1-888-750-8702 Domestic Sales 1-800-221-2719 International Sales 1-800-241-2373 Packages 1-800-800-2640 Representatives 1-800-323-5678 Assistance 1-404-209-5020. What year was the first kindergarten? In the United States, Margarethe Schurz opened the first kindergarten in Watertown, Wisconsin, in 1856 for her immigrant German commu- nity. This kindergarten caught the attention of Elizabeth Peabody, who started the first American English-language kindergarten in Boston in 1860.. zillow 98686 Margarethe Schurz Margarethe Schurz opens the first American kindergarten, a German-speaking class in her home in Watertown, Wisconsin. 1861. Robert Owen Robert Owen sets up infant school in New Lanark, England, as an instrument of social reform for children of parent workers in his mills. ...William Torrey Harris (September 10, 1835 - November 5, 1909) was an American educator, philosopher, and lexicographer.He served as the U.S. Commissioner of Education, during which time he made significant reforms based on the Hegelian philosophy of education. Although the Idealist philosophy declined in popularity, many of Harris' changes were practical improvements that have stood the test ... campus dining grubhubwhen is moon set tonight In the United States, Margarethe Schurz opened the first kindergarten in Watertown, Wisconsin, in 1856 for her immigrant German commu- nity. This kindergarten caught the attention of Elizabeth Peabody, who started the first American English-language kindergarten in Boston in 1860. 2005 ford escape serpentine belt replacementhummanities New Customers Can Take an Extra 30% off. There are a wide variety of options. Margarethe Schurz opens the first kindergarten in the United States. Later, in 1860, Elizabeth Peabody opened the first English-speaking kindergarten in Boston, MA. 1880. Oshkosh Teacher-training Oshkosh Normal School serves as the first teacher-training program for kindergarten. 1907 ...She practiced out of her "kitchen clinic" in a little farm house in Oneida in the early 1900s. Margarethe Schurz came from Germany and gave the world the first kindergarten in the 1850s ...Fröbel's student Margarethe Schurz founded the first kindergarten in the United States at Watertown, Wisconsin in 1856, and she also inspired Elizabeth Peabody, who went on to found the first English-speaking kindergarten in the United States - the language at Schurz's kindergarten had been German, to serve an immigrant community - in ...